Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Sambucus canadensis

Common Name:
American Elder, Elderberry

Growth Rate:

Average Mature Height:
5-12', quite variable, varies significantly with habitat.

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Perfect, white, actually more yellow-white due to stamens. Usually quite profuse and covering entire plant. June-July

Fruit Details:
Purple-black, August-September, berry-like, about .25" diameter. Fruit is good for jellies, wine and attracting birds.

Fall Color:
Insignificant yellow-green

Bark Details:

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Borers, cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew.

Native Habitat:
Nova Scotia and Manitoba to Florida and Texas. Introduced 1761

Other Features:
Stoloniferous, multistemmed shrub, often broad and rounded with branches spreading and arching.

Culture and Care:
Transplants well. Requires constant attention to be kept in presentable condition. Zone 3-9.

This plant was blooming:
6/9/2010 - 7/2/2010

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.