Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Fagus grandifolia

Common Name:
American Beech

Growth Rate:
Slow, possible medium for young trees

Average Mature Height:
50-70'; occasionally 100-120'

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Monoecious; male and female on the same tree; male in globose heads; mistillate in spikes with 2-4 flowers. April-early May with the emerging leaves.

Fruit Details:
Three-winged nut, solitary or in groups of 2 or 3, partly or wholly enclosed by a prickly involucre about 0.75" long, the prickles recurved; nut is edible.

Fall Color:
beautiful golden bronze, often persisting into winter.

Bark Details:
Thin, smooth, light blusing gray almost silvery on young stems; similar on mature trees, but darker.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Leaf spots, powdery mildew, bleeding canker, leaf mottle, beech bark disease, cankers, aphids, brown wood borer, beech scale, beech mealybug, two-lined chestnut borer and caterpillars have all been reported, but are not considered particularly serious

Native Habitat:
New Brunswick to Ontario, South to Florida and Texas

Other Features:
Beautiful native tree; restricted to large area use

Culture and Care:
Moist, well-drained, acid (pH 5-6.5) soil is preferred; will not withstand wet or compacted soils, or soil with a low oxygen concentration (less than 15%). Shallow root system, transplant when dormant.

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
1326, 3901, 8560, 8561

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.