Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis

Common Name:
Canaan Fir, Bracted Balsam Fir, West Virginia Balsam Fir

Growth Rate:

Average Mature Height:

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Male-yellow, catkin-like, female-red-purple

Fruit Details:
Erect cone, 2-4" long

Fall Color:

Bark Details:
Breaking up into small, reddish brown, irregular scaly plates

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Spruce budworm, woolly aphid and canker disease

Native Habitat:
Higher altitudes of North America

Other Features:

Culture and Care:
Prefers acid, well-drained soil, more shade tolerant than other firs

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.