Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Picea abies

Common Name:
Norway Spruce

Growth Rate:
Fast growth, especially when young

Average Mature Height:
40-60', can get to 100'+ in optimum conditions

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Monoecious: male flowers are axillary and infrequent; female flowers are terminal, spread on the crowns of the trees and reddish pink.

Fruit Details:
Cylindrical cones, 4-6" long, 1.5-2" wide, pendulous. Starts purple or green, changing to light brown at maturity. Brownish-black seeds are 0.166" long with a 0.5" wide brown wing.

Fall Color:
Evergreen; bright green to purplish when young, changing to dark green with age.

Bark Details:
Reddish brown or orangish brown, glabrous or with minute scattered hairs.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Susceptible to red spider, spruce gall aphid, budworm, and borers

Native Habitat:
Northern and central Europe, introduced in colonial times.

Other Features:

Culture and Care:
Shallow, spreading root system performs best in moderately moist, sandy, acid, well-drained soils. Tolerates clay. Prefers a cold climate and full sun. Plants in heavy shade become thin and ragged

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
1439, 1681, 1682, 1683, 1684, 5480, 5510, 5520, 5870, 5880, 5890, 5895, 5900, 5910, 5920, 6310

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.