Boone County Arboretum
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Union, Kentucky 41091
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Cultural Details for Sciadopitys verticillata

Common Name:
Umbrella-pine, Japanese Umbrella-pine

Growth Rate:
Slow, perhaps 6" a year.

Average Mature Height:
20-30'; can grow 60-90' high

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Monoecious; female solitary, terminal and subtended by a small bract, male flowers in 1" long racemes.

Fruit Details:
Cones oblong-ovate, upright, 2-4" long, 1-2" wide, scales with broad reflexed margins; cones are green at first, ripening to brown the second year, each scale bears 5 to 9 narrowly winged seeds.

Fall Color:

Bark Details:
Thin, nearly smooth, orangish to reddish brown, exfoliating in long strips, quite handsome but essentially hidden by the foliage.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
None serious.

Native Habitat:
Restricted in a wild state to the Valley of the Kiso-gawa in central Hondo, and to Koya-san and its immediate neighborhood in east central Hondo; the best trees being found in steep, rocky, sheltered situations. Introduced 1861.

Other Features:
Variable from spire-like to broadly pyramidal tree in youth; with age the branches become more pendulous and spreading and the whole habit loose.

Culture and Care:
Transplant balled and burlapped into acidic, moist soil. Protection from wind is desirable. Full sun/late afternoon shade in hot areas. Zone 4-8, not as prosperous in Zone 8 as further north.

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.