Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Common Name:
Needle Palm (Hedgehog Palm, Blue Palmetto, Porcupine Palm)

Growth Rate:
Fast. Suckers produced freely creating ever widening clump

Average Mature Height:

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Tiny yellow to purplish-brown, obscured by foliage and fiber

Fruit Details:
Red to brown and roughly spherical

Fall Color:

Bark Details:

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:

Native Habitat:
Southeastern USA

Other Features:
Able to "swallow" (auto-mulch) fallen leaves. The state of Florida lists as endangered because it is "commercially exploited". Never transplant it from the wild as this is illegal.

Culture and Care:
By seed or division of clumps. Seeds germinate in 6-12 months. Won't successfully grow where ground often freezes, but can be grown in colder than Zone 8-10 Prefers moist well drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Zone 8-10

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
Bed 23

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.