Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888

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Cultural Details for Carpinus betulus

Common Name:
European Hornbeam, Musclewood, Ironwood

Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate - About 10' over a 10 year period.

Average Mature Height:

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Monoecious: Male catkins are yellow, female catkins are green, both are small and not ornamentally important

Fruit Details:
Ribbed nutlet, 0.25" long; maturing in September-October.

Fall Color:
Yellow or yellowish green; fall color quite late.

Bark Details:
Slate gray.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
none serious.

Native Habitat:
Europe, Asia Minor, southeast of England. Long cultivated.

Other Features:
Clean foliage. Excellent for screens, hedges, groupings, around large buildings, in malls, planter boxes. Creates dense shade

Culture and Care:
Transplant in spring; tolerant of wide range of soil conditions, but prefers well-drained situations; performs best in full sun but will tolerate light to moderate shade; pruning is seldom required but withstands heavy pruning.

This plant was blooming:
4/5/2010 - 4/14/2010

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
3798, 3802, 3805

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.