Fagus grandifolia

American Beech

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Slow, possible medium for young trees
Mature Height - 50-70'; occasionally 100-120'
Mature Width - 50-70'
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Monoecious; male and female on the same tree; male in globose heads; mistillate in spikes with 2-4 flowers. April-early May with the emerging leaves.
Fruit - Three-winged nut, solitary or in groups of 2 or 3, partly or wholly enclosed by a prickly involucre about 0.75" long, the prickles recurved; nut is edible.
Leaf -
Fall Color - beautiful golden bronze, often persisting into winter.
Bark - Thin, smooth, light blusing gray almost silvery on young stems; similar on mature trees, but darker.
Other Features - Beautiful native tree; restricted to large area use
Possible Use -
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Moist, well-drained, acid (pH 5-6.5) soil is preferred; will not withstand wet or compacted soils, or soil with a low oxygen concentration (less than 15%). Shallow root system, transplant when dormant.
Native Habitat - New Brunswick to Ontario, South to Florida and Texas
Diseases and Insects - Leaf spots, powdery mildew, bleeding canker, leaf mottle, beech bark disease, cankers, aphids, brown wood borer, beech scale, beech mealybug, two-lined chestnut borer and caterpillars have all been reported, but are not considered particularly serious
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Beech.
- Other plants of the family Fagaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Fagus.
- Other plants of the species Fagus grandifolia.