Pinus mugo var. mugo

Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Shrub
Growth Rate - Slow
Mature Height - This low-growing species usually less than 8' tall
Mature Width - About twice its height
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Monoecious
Fruit - Cones, subterminal, sessile or short-stalked, erect, horizontal, or slightly pendulous, solitary or 2-3 together, ovoid or conical-ovoid, 1-2" long by 0.5-1.5" broad, apex surrounded by a darker ring, at maturity grayish black
Leaf -
Fall Color - Medium green to dark green, often yellowish green in winter especially on the tips of the needles
Bark - Brownish gray, scaly, split in irregular plates but not scaling off on old trunks; a good identification feature on 0.5-3" diameter stems are the regular bumpy protuberances which result when the leaves abscise
Other Features - Are useful in landscape planting; especially for foundations, masses, groupings
Possible Use -
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Generally does not produce a tap root and is easy to transplant; prefers a deep, moist loam in sun or partial shade; can be pruned annually to thicken plant and keep dwarf habit; very calcareous soil tolerant
Native Habitat - Mountains of central and southern Europe from Spain to the Balkans. Introduced 1779.
Diseases and Insects - Subject to rusts, wood rots, borers, sawflies and especially scale (often very serious)
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Pine.
- Other plants of the family Pinaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Pinus.
- Other plants of the species Pinus mugo.