Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Medium, 35-50' after 20-30 years
Mature Height - 50-60'
Mature Width - 20-40'
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Male flowers clustered and yellow; female flowers yellow-green
Fruit - Solitary or in clusters, sub-sessile, ovoid, conical, 2-3" long, 1-1.25" wide before opening, tawny-yellow initially, becoming brown, scales about 1" long, transversely keeled near the apex which often ends in a more or less persistent prickle
Leaf -
Fall Color - Lustrous dark green
Bark - Dark brown furrows, usually with gray or gray-brown mottled, flattened ridges, quite attractive, one of the handsomest pines for bark
Other Features - An adaptable species with very stiff needles making good specimen, screen or windbreak; can also be used for mass planting; develops its real character in old age when the branches become umbelliformly spreading and the bark colors develop fully
Possible Use -
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - A very hardy tree that withstands city conditions better than other pines; very tolerant of soils, if moist; will stand some dryness and exposure; resists heat and drought; will succeed in fairly heavy clay and alkaline soils; tolerates seaside conditions
Native Habitat - Native of Europe, from Austria to central Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia. Introduced 1759.
Diseases and Insects - Has exhibited severe dieback in Midwestern and eastern states; the dieback as been attributed to Diplodia tip blight; also pine nematodes which are transmitted by a beetle can plug up the vascular system and an entire plant may die in a single season
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Pine.
- Other plants of the family Pinaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Pinus.
- Other plants of the species Pinus nigra.