Sciadopitys verticillata

Umbrella-pine, Japanese Umbrella-pine

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Slow, perhaps 6" a year.
Mature Height - 20-30'; can grow 60-90' high
Mature Width - 15-20'
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Monoecious; female solitary, terminal and subtended by a small bract, male flowers in 1" long racemes.
Fruit - Cones oblong-ovate, upright, 2-4" long, 1-2" wide, scales with broad reflexed margins; cones are green at first, ripening to brown the second year, each scale bears 5 to 9 narrowly winged seeds.
Leaf - Of 2 kinds, some small and scale-like scattered on the shoot, but crowded at its end and bearing in their axils a whorl of 20-30 linear flat leaves; the way the needles radiate around the stem creates an "umbrella" effect. Dark green and glossy above.
Fall Color -
Bark - Thin, nearly smooth, orangish to reddish brown, exfoliating in long strips, quite handsome but essentially hidden by the foliage.
Other Features - Variable from spire-like to broadly pyramidal tree in youth; with age the branches become more pendulous and spreading and the whole habit loose.
Possible Use - Accent or specimen. Could be integrated into a foundation planting, rock garden or border.
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Transplant balled and burlapped into acidic, moist soil. Protection from wind is desirable. Full sun/late afternoon shade in hot areas. Zone 4-8, not as prosperous in Zone 8 as further north.
Native Habitat - Restricted in a wild state to the Valley of the Kiso-gawa in central Hondo, and to Koya-san and its immediate neighborhood in east central Hondo; the best trees being found in steep, rocky, sheltered situations. Introduced 1861.
Diseases and Insects - None serious.
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Umbrella-pine.
- Other plants of the family Salvadoraceae.
- Other plants of the genus Sciadopitys.
- Other plants of the species Sciadopitys verticillata.