Winter Red Winterberry Holly; Black Alder; Coralberry; Michigan Holly
Form and Growth Characteristics: Plant Type - ShrubGrowth Rate - Slow. Medium growth with adequate fertilizer and water.Mature Height - 9'Mature Width - 8'Longevity - 50-100 years
Ornamental Characteristics: Flower - Inconspicuous, greenish to white, FEMALE flowers early through late June, borne single or in pairs or trios on short penduncles, showing 4-7 of each flower part.Fruit - Berry-like rounded one-seeded fruit, 0.25-0.50" across, borne in dense clusters. Green during growing season, colorful in fall and winter. May persist till spring. Poisonous if eaten by humans.Leaf - Fall Color - Little if any fall color in leaves. Of interest is the bright red fruit.Bark - Dark gray to dark brown or black on old stems, interesting twist to branches. Smooth with some lenticels.Other Features - The intense color of the fruit is maintained throughout winter, and is beautiful in a snowy setting. Cut stems keep for months indoors if not placed in water.Possible Use - Season Of Interest -
Culture and Care: Care Requirements - Transplant B & B or as container plant. Adaptable to wet conditions. Prefers moist, acid, high organic soil. Best pollinated by a nearby 'Southern Gentleman', and best fruit production when in sun.Native Habitat - Native on edge of woods or in swamps from Novia Scotia to western Ontario, west to Wisconsin, south to Florida, and west to Missouri. Hardy to Zone 4.Diseases and Insects - Tar spots, leaf spots, and powdery mildew, none seriousStrength - Weakness -Plants of this taxon:
Find Related Plants:- Other plants with the common name Holly.- Other plants of the family Aquifoliaceae.- Other plants of the genus Ilex.- Other plants of the species Ilex verticillata.