Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch
Form and Growth Characteristics: Plant Type - TreeGrowth Rate - Medium, 20' over a 20 year periodMature Height - 40-55' (possibly to 80' in wild)Mature Width - 35-45'Longevity -
Ornamental Characteristics: Flower - Flowers appear in April before the leaves. Pendulous male catkins formed during summer and fall of the year prior to flowering, visible through winter, expand to 3-4" long. Upright female flowers, 0.5-1" long, enclosed in the bud and borne upright.Fruit - Small winged nutlet, occurring in a strobile 0.75-1.33" long, 0.6" wide.Leaf - Fall Color - Golden yellow - perhaps the best fall color of the birches commonly found in landscapesBark - Glistening reddish brown to almost black with prominent horizontal lenticels on young trees. Mature trees become brownish black and breaking up into large, thin, irregular, scaly plates.Other Features - Wintergreen scent and sweet flavor to bruised stems and leaves.Possible Use - Naturalized areasSeason Of Interest -
Culture and Care: Care Requirements - Prefers rich, moist, slightly acid, well-drained soils. However can be found on rocky, drier sites; and in the heavy clay soils of the Midwest.Native Habitat - Maine to Alabama, west to Ohio. Introduced 1759.Diseases and Insects - Birches are subject to many pathogens (leaf spots, leaf blisters, leaf rust, canker, dieback, wood-decay, and mildew) and insects (aphids, witch-hazel leaf gall aphid, birch skeletonizer, leaf miner, and seed mite gall). Resistant to bronze birch borer.Strength - Weakness -Plants of this taxon:
Find Related Plants:- Other plants with the common name Birch.- Other plants of the family Betulaceae.- Other plants of the genus Betula.- Other plants of the species Betula lenta.