Betula lenta

Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Medium, 20' over a 20 year period
Mature Height - 40-55' (possibly to 80' in wild)
Mature Width - 35-45'
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Flowers appear in April before the leaves. Pendulous male catkins formed during summer and fall of the year prior to flowering, visible through winter, expand to 3-4" long. Upright female flowers, 0.5-1" long, enclosed in the bud and borne upright.
Fruit - Small winged nutlet, occurring in a strobile 0.75-1.33" long, 0.6" wide.
Leaf -
Fall Color - Golden yellow - perhaps the best fall color of the birches commonly found in landscapes
Bark - Glistening reddish brown to almost black with prominent horizontal lenticels on young trees. Mature trees become brownish black and breaking up into large, thin, irregular, scaly plates.
Other Features - Wintergreen scent and sweet flavor to bruised stems and leaves.
Possible Use - Naturalized areas
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Prefers rich, moist, slightly acid, well-drained soils. However can be found on rocky, drier sites; and in the heavy clay soils of the Midwest.
Native Habitat - Maine to Alabama, west to Ohio. Introduced 1759.
Diseases and Insects - Birches are subject to many pathogens (leaf spots, leaf blisters, leaf rust, canker, dieback, wood-decay, and mildew) and insects (aphids, witch-hazel leaf gall aphid, birch skeletonizer, leaf miner, and seed mite gall). Resistant to bronze birch borer.
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Birch.
- Other plants of the family Betulaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Betula.
- Other plants of the species Betula lenta.