River Birch, Red Birch
Form and Growth Characteristics: Plant Type - TreeGrowth Rate - 24" or more per yearMature Height - 40-70' may reach 90'Mature Width - 40-60'Longevity - 100 years or less.
Ornamental Characteristics: Flower - Male catkins are drooping and brown, 2-3" long. Female catkins are smaller, insignificant, upright, and greenish. Both appear in spring on the same tree.Fruit - Small nutlet, in a 1-1.5" pendulous catkin, ripens and sheds seed in spring.Leaf - Fall Color - yellow then soon dropping.Bark - Exfoliating into papery sheets, exposing the inner bark which is gray-brown, salmon-brown, cinnamon-brown to reddish brown.Other Features - Specimen tree for estates, parks, golf courses, and other large areas. Handsome for bark character.Possible Use - Season Of Interest -
Culture and Care: Care Requirements - Transplants well, best adapted to moist soils. Prefers an acid soil (6.5 or below) for chlorosis will develop in high pH situations.Native Habitat - Massachusetts to Florida west to Minnesota and Kansas; restricted to stream banks and other moist places.Diseases and Insects - Probably the most trouble-free birch, but can get leaf spot. Is bronze birch borer resistant.Strength - Weakness -Plants of this taxon:
Find Related Plants:- Other plants with the common name Birch.- Other plants of the family Betulaceae.- Other plants of the genus Betula.- Other plants of the species Betula nigra.