Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam, Musclewood, Ironwood

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Slow to moderate - About 10' over a 10 year period.
Mature Height - 40-60'
Mature Width - 30-60'
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Monoecious: Male catkins are yellow, female catkins are green, both are small and not ornamentally important
Fruit - Ribbed nutlet, 0.25" long; maturing in September-October.
Leaf -
Fall Color - Yellow or yellowish green; fall color quite late.
Bark - Slate gray.
Other Features - Clean foliage. Excellent for screens, hedges, groupings, around large buildings, in malls, planter boxes. Creates dense shade
Possible Use -
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Transplant in spring; tolerant of wide range of soil conditions, but prefers well-drained situations; performs best in full sun but will tolerate light to moderate shade; pruning is seldom required but withstands heavy pruning.
Native Habitat - Europe, Asia Minor, southeast of England. Long cultivated.
Diseases and Insects - none serious.
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Hornbeam.
- Other plants of the family Betulaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Carpinus.
- Other plants of the species Carpinus betulus.