Fraxinus americana

White Ash

Mature Size, Growth Longevity

Average mature size of 50-80' tall and wide. Medium growth rate.

Native Range

Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida and Texas.

Flower and Fruit Details

Flowers are dioecious, light green to purplish, usually unisexual, apetalous, both sexes appearing in panicles before the leaves, calyx minute, campanulate, corolla absent. Fruits are samaras, 1-2" long body, rounded in cross section, looking similar to a canoe paddle.

Leaf and Bark Features

Yellow to dark maroon fall color. Bark is ash gray to gray-brown, furrowed into close diamond-shaped areas seperated by narrow interlacing ridges. On very old trees it becomes slightly scaly along the ridges.

Culture and Care

Easily transplanted. Best growth when in deep, moist, well-drained soils, pH adaptable, full sun. Susceptible to leaf rust, leaf spots, cankers, dieback, ash borer, lilac leaf miner, lilac borer, carpenter worm, brown-headed ash sawfly, fall webworm, ash flower gall, oyster shell scale, and scurfy scale.

Strengths, Weaknesses, Other Facts

A great ornamental, despite a long list of pests.

Suggested Uses

Taxa and Plants of this Species at BCA

Mature Size, Growth Longevity

Native Range

Flower and Fruit Details

Leaf and Bark Features

Culture and Care

Strengths, Weaknesses, Other Facts

Suggested Uses

Taxa and Plants of this Species at BCA