American Elder, Elderberry
Form and Growth Characteristics: Plant Type - ShrubGrowth Rate - FastMature Height - 5-12', quite variable, varies significantly with habitat.Mature Width - Longevity -
Ornamental Characteristics: Flower - Perfect, white, actually more yellow-white due to stamens. Usually quite profuse and covering entire plant. June-JulyFruit - Purple-black, August-September, berry-like, about .25" diameter. Fruit is good for jellies, wine and attracting birds.Leaf - Opposite, compound pinnate, usually 7 leaflets, bright green in summer.Fall Color - Insignificant yellow-greenBark - Other Features - Stoloniferous, multistemmed shrub, often broad and rounded with branches spreading and arching.Possible Use - Near wet areas, naturalizing effect and roadside plantings.Season Of Interest -
Culture and Care: Care Requirements - Transplants well. Requires constant attention to be kept in presentable condition. Zone 3-9.Native Habitat - Nova Scotia and Manitoba to Florida and Texas. Introduced 1761Diseases and Insects - Borers, cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew.Strength - Weakness - Suckers profusely. Difficult to utilize in home landscape situations because of its unkempt habit.Plants of this taxon:
Find Related Plants:- Other plants with the common name Elder.- Other plants of the family Adoxaceae.- Other plants of the genus Sambucus.- Other plants of the species Sambucus canadensis.