Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis

American Elder, Elderberry

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Shrub
Growth Rate - Fast
Mature Height - 5-12', quite variable, varies significantly with habitat.
Mature Width -
Longevity -

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Perfect, white, actually more yellow-white due to stamens. Usually quite profuse and covering entire plant. June-July
Fruit - Purple-black, August-September, berry-like, about .25" diameter. Fruit is good for jellies, wine and attracting birds.
Leaf - Opposite, compound pinnate, usually 7 leaflets, bright green in summer.
Fall Color - Insignificant yellow-green
Bark -
Other Features - Stoloniferous, multistemmed shrub, often broad and rounded with branches spreading and arching.
Possible Use - Near wet areas, naturalizing effect and roadside plantings.
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Transplants well. Requires constant attention to be kept in presentable condition. Zone 3-9.
Native Habitat - Nova Scotia and Manitoba to Florida and Texas. Introduced 1761
Diseases and Insects - Borers, cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew.
Strength -
Weakness - Suckers profusely. Difficult to utilize in home landscape situations because of its unkempt habit.

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Elder.
- Other plants of the family Adoxaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Sambucus.
- Other plants of the species Sambucus nigra.