Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine

Form and Growth Characteristics:
Plant Type - Tree
Growth Rate - Fast, one of the fastest growing landscape pines; becoming 50-75' tall in 25-40 years
Mature Height - 50-80', but can grow to 150' or more
Mature Width - 20-40'
Longevity - Long, maturity reached in 200 to 350 years

Ornamental Characteristics:
Flower - Monoecious, male clustered and yellow; female pink, late May thru mid-July
Fruit - Cones subterminal, pendulous, 3-7" long by 1.5" broad, stalked, cylindrical, often curved, apex pointed, scales resinous and light tan brown; early August thru mid October; mature in autumn of second year
Leaf -
Fall Color - Light to bluish green; however, greatly variable; needles generally fall the second year in late summer-early fall and the interior of the tree harbors yellow-brown needles
Bark - Thin, smooth, grayish green when young, becoming darker with age; dark grayish brown on old trunks and deeply furrowed longitudinally into broad scaly, 1-2" thick ridges
Other Features - A very handsome and ornamental specimen; makes a beautiful sheared hedge; one of the most beautiful native pines; often produces cones at an early age; largest of the Midwestern and northeastern conifers and a very valuable timber species
Possible Use -
Season Of Interest -

Culture and Care:
Care Requirements - Easily transplanted; grows best in fertile, moist, well-drained soils, also found growing on rocky ridges and sphagnum bogs; light demanding, can tolerate some shade; extremely intolerant of air pollutants and salts; may develop chlorosis in high pH soil
Native Habitat - Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Georgia, Illinois and Iowa. Introduced about 1705.
Diseases and Insects - Two serious pests are the White Pine blister rust, a bark disease, which eventually kills the tree; and the White Pine weevil which kills the terminal shoots seriously deforming the tree to the extent they become bushy and have been called “Cabbage Pines"
Strength -
Weakness -

Plants of this taxon:

Find Related Plants:
- Other plants with the common name Pine.
- Other plants of the family Pinaceae.
- Other plants of the genus Pinus.
- Other plants of the species Pinus strobus.